What is ADHD
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental health condition that affects the parts of the human brain, limiting the human brain to function normally. About 11% of children and 5% of adults are affected by ADHD. It is most common in boys than in girls (CDC). Characteristics of ADHD are lack of attention, inability to stay still, or interruption. People affected with ADHD are unable to focus on their tasks. Students who have ADHD perform poorly academically.
Common signs and symptoms of ADHD
The common signs and symptoms of ADHD are the inability to stay still, limited attention span. ADHD is more common in children than adults, where they start exhibiting the symptoms at the age of twelve while others have noticeable signs at three years. Children with ADHD cannot settle and have difficulties listening during conversations. The symptoms of ADHD are more common in males than females, and the behaviors can vary differently. For example, men tend to be hyperactive while females are inactive.
Causes of ADHD is genetic disorders
One of the primary causes of ADHD is genetic disorders and the environment. Recent studies show that ADHD affects one out of four people. Another cause of ADHD is the inability of the nervous system to perform correctly. The critical functions of the nervous systems are sensory input, motor output, and information processing. Therefore, impairment experienced by the functioning of the brain and the nervous system may lead to the development of ADHD. Exposure to chemicals in an environment may increase the risk of developing ADHD. Previous studies suggest that exposure to cosmetics chemicals by pregnant women may lead to unborn babies with ADHD.
The medical practitioner can assessment
However, there is no standard scientific test for ADHD. A medical practitioner can assess to determine the presence of ADHD, mostly in children. A health expert will assess ADHD symptoms in the last six months and check the medical history to make an informed decision about the diagnosis. A physical exam can determine other signs that one may be experiencing before age 12, which are noticeable either at school or home. While there is no specific test for ADHD, there are preventive measures for ADHD. First, during pregnancy, women should avoid using harmful drugs that may harm fetal development. Parents should limit screen time usage and prevent their children’s exposure to toxic chemicals and pollutants.