Girls between 10-19 years are at high risk of developing health conditions due to early pregnancy. According to world health organization (WHO) research, “early pregnancies among adolescents have major health and social consequences” (WHO 2). More so, pregnancy puts many girls at risk of suffering from health complications, diseases and infection, and future pregnancy conditions.
Teenage pregnancy leads to health complications. Many teenage girls die because of pregnancy and childbirth issues (WHO, adolescent pregnancy 2). The health risks involved are losing a lot of blood during childbirth and, abnormal births without physicians’ help or being in healthcare facilities. In addition, some teenagers’ bodies are not yet fully developed, and they get weak in supporting the unborn child.
Secondly, early pregnancy increases the chances of getting diseases and infections. Adolescence mothers are at high risk of puerperal endometritis, eclampsia, and recurring infections than adult mothers (Ganchimeg et al. 46). In addition, adverse health issues are promoted through poor healthcare services to contain the conditions. Pregnant teenagers are more likely to be victims of these conditions because of insufficient knowledge about their existence.
Perhaps most important, adolescent pregnancy contributes to maternal problems. Some teenagers use unsafe abortions with lasting pregnancy implications and maternal death (WHO, adolescent pregnancy 2). In short, in adult life, they will be at risk of future premature birth and miscarriage, and severe conditions enhance the possibilities of their demise.
Teenage pregnancy exposes girls to multiple health issues. Some teenagers die due to excessive blood loss when giving birth. Others get deadly diseases and infections. It minimizes the chances of getting pregnant again and giving birth to healthy children. Therefore, supporting sex education is vital in decreasing health and social risks associated with teenage pregnancy globally.
Adolescent Pregnancy: Evidence brief, 2015-2019. WHO Geneva, 2019.
Adolescent Pregnancy: Fact sheet, 2008-2014. WHO Geneva, 2014.
Ganchimeg, Togoobaatar et al. “Pregnancy And Childbirth Outcomes Among Adolescent Mothers: A World Health Organization Multicounty Study.” An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 3 2014, pp. 40-48. DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.12630. Accessed 11 Jan. 2022.