Understanding Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic medical condition that occurs when high glucose is in the blood or extremely low glucose levels. The most common type of diabetes is high blood sugar content in the blood. This type of diabetes exists when there is little, or no insulin produced by the pancreases. Insulin is a hormone that helps the glucose in the blood to enter the cells. Low insulin production leads to diabetic conditions,  since there would be a high glucose level in the blood. Technically, insulin controls the level of sugar in the blood. Insulin is essential in controlling energy production in the body.

Type 1 diabetes

There are different types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body does not make insulin at all. Usually, the immune system destroys the cells that make insulin in the pancreas. The destruction of the source of insulin can occur at age in a person’s life, even though there are other risk factors. People with diabetes type 1 are often given insulin injections to keep up their energy production and stay alive. The injection is done daily.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body fails to use the insulin produced effectively or makes enough insulin. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, prevalent among middle-aged and older people. Type 2 diabetes has multiple structural support models, including insulin and medication support. It is also often associated with genetic disorders.

Other common types of diabetes

Although rare, other types include gestational diabetes, which disappears after pregnancy, monogenic diabetes, and cystic fibrosis diabetes. Primarily, diabetes occurs when there is low or insufficient insulin in the blood. Insulin is a very important hormone that controls and enhances the blood sugar flow within the body.