Choices: Preservation of Aging Brain Functions

Life choices determine the quality of life an individual lives as they age. Engaging in activities that maintain brain functions, such as decision-making improves the living standards of the elderly population.

By choice, human beings can prevent and successfully treat memory alterations or cognitive impairment by making memory enrichment part of their daily life activity.

Several pieces of research confirm that enriching memory helps before and when experiencing age-related memory loss. The choices of preventing cognitive decline into adulthood start at a younger age through memory-enriching activities such as learning and playing a musical instrument or making reading a daily habit. These activities offer brain therapy that reduces age-induced changes in the learning memory, hippocampus (Bettio et al., 2017). Therefore, starting cognitive therapies at a young age leads to the maintaining roles of the hippocampus as adults in the following ways:

Signaling-Memory enrichment therapy maintains the strength of input information in hippocampus memory.

Structure-Cognitive therapy reduces alteration in transferring different inputs and output in the appropriate cells in the hippocampus.

Functions-Age-related therapy preserves processing of input and output information in the hippocampus memory.

More research demonstrated that memory enrichment therapy also can treat an elder adult experiencing cognitive decline. According to Train the Brain Consortium (2017), clinical trials showed a significant improvement of about 95% for subjects with age-related memory decline after seven months of memory enrichment training.

In addition, hippocampus memory techniques offer both learning and storage of information. Cognitive enriching activities preserve brain functions like same input information getting varying output decisions. Before and when experiencing cognitive decline,  choosing to enrich the hippocampus improves remembering, learning, concentration, and decision-making abilities, offers the potential of prevention and successful treatments of age-related memory alteration. However, memory enrichment alone does not prevent or treat age-related cognitive decline.

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