Predicted Energetics and Biomechanics of racing on sand: Hints for football training

Physical energetics is a mechanical branch that deals with energy and how it transforms. Research has been carried out to estimate the effects of using excessive energy during training and the overall performance on track and field ( Gaudino, 2013).

Various research materials have shown that running on sand initiates a maximum usage of energy, while the overall speed is limited. The result is that muscles tend to stretch a little on sand compared to a smooth surface, therefore limiting muscle injury during training.

Football Formations and its Impact on Energy Consumption and Preservation

An exemplary performance in track and field has a direct link to how players preserve and consume energy. It is estimated that the formation that a football team utilizes during a game will have an effect on their level of energy consumption. Study shows that the team which uses possessive tactics of formation, will prompt individual players to accelerate and decelerate at a lower rate than their contemporary rivals (Gaudino, 2014).

The formation that a football team uses will determine the distance that individual players cover from one end to another. A possessive formation implies a longer distance covered, which prompts the acceleration and deceleration of players to decrease. The overall effect is a low consumption of energy, which means that its preservation is high.

The Dynamics of Sprinting on a Pitch

To be fast means sprinting with high velocity, and this initiates a high energy consumption. The overall performance of individual players will increase with substantial increase in sprint levels over a specific period, and then it begins to diminish. For high stamina or the ability to preserve energy, players need to conduct high physical training.

The practices that players should take into consideration are such as the sprint-training exercises as outlined in various research material. Research shows that players will benefit more by following hard training procedures (Haugen, 2014).

The Average Biomechanics of  Football

How players engage in a football match may be a determined by their skill levels, the tools of use, and whether or not their physic is of good health. The tools in this case refer to their boots, shorts or the ball used during a match.  Physical well-being pertains to availability of injury, while skill levels are primarily the general performance ( Lees, 1998).

Studies have shown that performance is a direct reflection of the players’ comfort during a game. If the tools in-use inconvenience movement, then performance levels decrease. The same applies to the other factors of biomechanics.


Gaudino, P., Alberti, G., & Iaia, F. M. (2014). Estimated metabolic and mechanical demands during different small-sided games in elite soccer players. Human movement science, 36, 123–133.

Haugen, T., Tønnessen, E., Hisdal, J., & Seiler, S. (2014). The role and development of sprinting speed in soccer. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 9(3), 432–441.

Gaudino, P., Gaudino, C., Alberti, G., & Minetti, A. E. (2013). Biomechanics and predicted energetics of sprinting on sand: hints for soccer training. Journal of science and medicine in sport, 16(3), 271–275.

Lees, A., & Nolan, L. (1998). The biomechanics of soccer: a review. Journal of sports sciences, 16(3), 211–234.